Here is another hot news regarding Coronavirus in India.
“ My Lab ”, a Pune based research company, has become India’s first-ever lab to receive the validation of its own COVID-19 testing kit named as the RT-PCR. The kit has received validation from the Drug Controller of India and the National Institute of Virology.
Coronavirus Live India: About COVID-19 Testing Kit
[Dr Gautam Wankhede, Director of My Lab, says: ]
Our team has been working from the past 3-4 months on this COVID-19 diagnostic kit. The kit is capable of performing the screening and presence of the virus, both functions simultaneously.
The main advantage of this kit is that it consumes very less time to detect and confirm the infection. According to Dr Gautam, the RT-PCR kit takes only two and a half hours to detect whether the patient is infected or not.
Capacity Of The Kit
This COVID-19 Diagnostic Kit is capable of testing 50 patients at a time. Since this kit requires chemicals in very less quantity, it’s capacity of testing is more than any other testing kit available today.
What Is Inside This COVID-19 Diagnostic Test Kit?
As we open the kit, the first thing that you see is the small tubes of different colours as shown in the image above.
These kits have different colours because every coloured kit contains a different primer of probes. These kits target specific genes of coronavirus. Every coloured kit has the specific function of attacking specific types of coronavirus.
Types of coronavirus: 229E (alpha coronavirus),NL63 (alpha coronavirus),OC43 (beta coronavirus),HKU1 (beta coronavirus),MERS-CoV (the beta coronavirus),SARS-CoV (the beta coronavirus), SARS-CoV-2 (the novel coronavirus).
According to latest updates, this COVID-19 diagnostic test will cost approximately 1200-1500 INR. This price is comparatively low and accurate than any other testing kits. Clearly, with this, the test will become very affordable in a developing country like India.
With this kit, it will be interesting to see if India can combat COVID-19!
Testing Procedure Of COVID-19 Through This Kit
There are three important steps for testing COVID-19 using this kit:
Step 1 Collect Sample
The very first step of the COVID-19 test is: “Taking a Sample”. In this step, the sample is taken from the nostrils of the patient. This process is known as VRTB (Virtual Transport Media).
Once the doctor gets the sample, they store it in a 3 layer packing to prevent the spread of the infection.
Step 2 RNA Extraction
The second and most important step is RNA Extraction. Under this step, doctors extract the RNA from the sample. Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation and expression of genes. RNA and DNA are nucleic acids, and, along with lipids, proteins and carbohydrates, constitute the four major macromolecules essential for all known forms of life.
Step 3. PCR Cycle
PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is a technique that permits the analysis of short sequences of DNA (or RNA), even in those samples that contain a small quantity of it.
This cycle is a 2-3 hours process where real-time amplification takes place. With the use of this kit, the process that was taking 7-8 hours earlier, now only takes 2-3 hours. The kit is working very well as it is saving lots of time and now doctors can use that saved time to cure or test other patients.