A Combination Of Three Approaches, India’s China Policy


As we all know India used to do export with China. Most of the things we buy are ‘Made in China’. But this will not help in raising the economy of India, this is helpful to China. As a part.

Many countries are thinking to change their relationship with China, countries like the United States, Russia, Indonesia, Japan, Canada, Australia, and the European countries. Their policies with China have involved a mix of three approaches. 

Well, basically the three approaches are: First, internal balancing, giving strength to themselves, and developing skills and capabilities against China’s growing powers. Second, to working with China and clear misunderstandings, of course this will take some give and takes from each side. And the third is, external balancing and working with others to gain leverage and security against China. Although every country has its debate on China Policy, how long it should run.

India has a skeptical attitude towards China that runs further than many countries, especially the 1962 war. Perhaps,  India – China relationship could be considered to have four main components. First, the border dispute and security competition. Second, regional security competition in India’s neighboring countries. Like; Nepal settling its border with China, Pakistan receiving nuclear technology from China, Bangladesh importing Chinese military all in the late 90s.

The other two components are; Third, recently considered the subduing effect of India –  China competition. Economic relationship boosted up after 2003 between both the countries. And the last, fourth aspect was global governance cooperation. 

India began balancing normal ties with Beijing. China was the main driver of the India – US nuclear agreement, which allowed defense and technology relationships with the US and its allies. Now, a question is raising in everyone’s mind.

What Approaches Should India Subsequently Adopt?

Firstly, putting efforts at internal balancing which will require a robust Indian economy, budgetary allocation for national security. A part of, Indian economy won’t meet the expectations hoped after 2011. Neither less, India raised army mountain decisions, raised air force assets, and now began to improve border infrastructure.

Secondly, external balancing requires a series of arrangements with partners that share India’s concern about China with the intention of improving economic and defense capabilities. In recent years India has made progress in improving military services, facilitating logistics support, and building a good relationship with countries like the United States, Russia, Japan, Australia, France, and others. 

The latest period of engagement( launched in 2017) reveals that neither India nor China is willing to make major compromises. India continuously rejected BRI and RCEP. Even China made only minor compromises on agriculture and pharmaceutical imports for economic relations.

India is not alone against the debate over managing China’s rise. A Combination Of approaches will remain in the policy of every country. But if one believes that India’s internal balancing will receive major compromises by Beijing, then it will not be so far that New Delhi manages to deal with powerful China. 

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